India, the second most populous country is also one of the world’s largest automobile manufacturer and consumer. With Indian manufacturers leading the market namely Tata, Maruti Suzuki, Mahindra and their Asian neighbour companies Hyundai, Nissan, Toyota and various other companies, India has a large market for automobiles.
With a large number of automobiles bought each year, the country is witnessing heavy traffic and large amounts of polluting emissions. The large volume of vehicle presence irrespective of the place is making almost every densely-populated town or city into a clouded poisonous environment.
Here are some of the leading reasons for pollution rise
- Large volume of vehicles being added to the ecosystem on a daily basis
- Usage of old cars and bikes that give out a lot of smoke and soot
- Failure of constant maintenance of automobiles making them polluting to environment
Every country having large automobile footprint are looking to cut down fossil fuel usages. The reason is the harm these fuels are doing to the environment. USA and China are already moving towards electric cars and hybrid cars slowly with Tesla motors headed by Elon Musk being the soul of the transition.
India has a variety of automobile manufacturers but the electric cars usage in India is very low. There is a low percentage of electric cars throughout India. The reason is the lack of any initiation by automobile companies and the government.
To solve the pollution problem, the government must rally the manufacturers and consumers to buy an electric car or at least a hybrid one. The era of Internal Combustion (IC) engines is coming to an end and it’s time for India to make the step. This statement can be strengthened by the fact that Germany, the powerhouse of Automobiles issued a ban on IC engines from 2030 onwards.
A Bold Step By Indian Government
The transition to a more harmless environment is fuelling this campaign to ban fossil fuel powered cars and welcome all-electric or at least hybrid cars. India coal and mines minister Piyush Goyal said “We are going to introduce electric vehicles in a very big way,” at the Confederation of Indian Industry Annual Session 2017 in New Delhi.
He also said that the government will assist the electric car industry for two or three years and after that the industry will run by itself due to the demand created.
The Reasons Behind This Move?
- India’s pollution trends is increasing with the number of deaths more than China due to outdoor pollution as of 2015
- Around 2.3 million deaths are occurring in India every year according to the report titled “Airpocalypse”
- The report also shows that the deaths due to pollution are just a fraction less than deaths caused by tobacco resulting in 3 percent GDP loss
- Delhi is the world’s most polluted city with particulate matter levels 13 times the annual limit set by World Health Organisation (WHO)
This transition may be bad news for almost every automobile manufacturer and to make the world a better place, this must be the essential step to be taken. But the transition can be made a lot smoother as there is time and this decision will motivate designers to come up with efficient electric cars and hybrids.